Bugleweed is part of the mint family. For hundreds of years, Both Bugleweed and its European counterpart is Gypsywort (L. europaeus), contain black juice that has been used for fabric dyes. Bugleweed is a perennial plant growing up to twelve inches tall. Its creeping runners produce rosettes of leaves, the whole plant forms a carpet like mat. Bugleweeds usually have shining oval shaped leaves that are close to the look of spinach leaves. Bugleweed blooms in spring and the flowers are blue, pink or white.
Medicinally, both species were used for treating high fevers and fevers associated with malaria. Bugleweed was used as a sedative and astringent, and as a treatment for coughs, internal bleeding and urinary incontinence. The medicinal qualities of Bugleweed are in the leaves and flowers. This plant has diuretic, peripheral vasoconstrictor, astringent, nervine, and anti-tussive properties. Today, Bugleweed is used for treating mild hyperthyroidism (i.e. Grave's disease) symptoms such as rapid pulse, weight loss, sensitivity to heat, excessive sweating, fatigue, enlarged thyroid and bulging eyes. It can also be used for nervousness, insomnia, and for treating the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). This herb has also been used to help improve circulation. The European version works well in treating palpitations, anxiety, and for reducing fevers.
Bugleweed Dosage Information
Bugleweed comes in various forms and is an ingredient in many products. Germany's Commission E recommends taking 12 grams of the whole herb per day. A standard dosage of tincture should be limited to 12 ml three times a day. Bugleweed is often combined with lemon balm to treat mildly overactive thyroid function. Bugleweed can also be safely used with skullcap or valerian. Each patient has his/her own individual optimal level of thyroid hormone. Only rough estimations of dosage are for thyroid disorders, in which age and weight must be considered. Please consult your Doctor/Health Care Professional for help.
Exceeding recommended doses of Bugleweed might cause a harmful decrease in thyroid function; however, long-term use of Bugleweed is considered safe for people with hyperthyroidism. Thyroid disease should only be treated under the supervision of a healthcare professional. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known. Administration of Bugleweed preparations interferes with the administration of diagnostic procedures using radioactive isotopes.
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